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Scientific Name:
Lavandula angustifolia (syn. L. officinalis, L. vera, L. spica) ± subsp. pyrenaica
Family Name:
Common Name:
English, common lavender
Evidence of Activity
Analytical Chemistry
A study identified 40 compounds in Lavandula angustifolia essential oil, accounting for 92.03% of the essential oil composition. Dong 2020
Evaluated the chemical composition and antioxidant, anti-tyrosinase, anti-cholinesterase, and cytotoxic activities of Lavandula officinalis essential oil from Algerian plants. Cheraif 2020
Lavandula angustifolia essential oil containing linalool (38.7 ± 0.1%), 1,8-cineole (26.5 ± 0.1%), and camphor (14.2 ± 0.1%) showed phytotoxic effects against several weed and invasive species. Ibáñez 2019
Identified the chemical and genetic differences relating to the terpenoid profile of Lavandula angustifolia 'JX-2' at different stages of flowering. Li 2019
Investigated the differences between the chemical profiles in extracts of Lavandula angustifolia (including 'Rosea' and 'Afropurpurea'), L. lanata, L. stoechas, and L. viridis. Hawryl 2019
A phytochemical investigations on the n-butanol fraction of Lavandula angustifolia residues resulted in the isolation of ten compounds, including two new ones. Ablikim 2019
Comparative investigation of different drying methodologies (convective, vacuum-microwave drying, and their combination) found convective drying at 50 °C to be optimal for total essential oil recovery from Lavandula angustifolia flowers. Lyczko 2019
Verified the influence of various drying methods (convective drying, vacuum-microwave drying and combined convection pre-drying with vacuum-microwave finishing drying) on the essential oil quality of true lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) leaves. Lyczko 2019
Linalool, linalyl acetate, β-caryophyllene, β-myrcene, α-ocimene, β-ocimene, and terpinen-4-ol were volatile components common to both Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula x intermedia grown in a Japanese garden. [Article in Japanese] Kasai 2018
Linalool (16.8%) and linalyl acetate (15.7%) were reported as the major constituents in Lavandula angustifolia essential oil. The effectiveness against multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was tested. Kot 2018
Lavandula angustifolia flower absolutes were distinguished from other flower absolutes using supercritical fluid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-high resolution mass spectrometry coupled with chemometrics. Santerre 2018
Investigated phytochemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Lavandula angustifolia and several cultivars of L. x intermedia. Tardugno 2018
An extract of L. officinalis aromatic water showed higher quantities of ferulic acid, compared to Mentha x piperita. Tested extracts had a "simulative role" and a slightly inhibitory effect on S. aureus growth and a weak antiproliferative effect on 2 cancer cell lines (A375 and MDA-MB-231). Alexa 2018
Analyzed essential oils from L. angustifolia propagated in vitro varied in terms of chemical composition depending on the content of jasmonic acid in the medium. All oils were characterized by a high content of σ-cadinene, followed by borneol, caryophyllene oxide, τ-cadinol, and other compounds. Andrys 2018
Four new phenolic glycosides, together with 12 known ones, were isolated from the essential oil extraction waste of Lavandula angustifolia. Examined the antioxidant activities of all compounds and new compounds'influence on melanin content in B16 melanoma cells. Yadikar 2017
Pectic polysaccharides obtained by boiling water extraction from L. angustifolia flowers showed anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activity in macrophages and intestinal Peyer's patch cells. Georgiev 2017
Supercritical CO2 extracts of Lavandula angustifolia contained linalool (57.4-217.9 mg CE/100 g), linalyl acetate (86.1-267.9 mg CE/100 g), camphor, borneol, 1,8-cineole, coumarin, and herniarin. Optimum conditions for the extraction were established. Jerković 2017
Total phenolics and flavonoids content were higher in the leafy stalks, compared to flowers, of two cultivars of L. angustifolia, 'Blue River' and 'Ellagance Purple'. The phenolic acids (rosmarinic, ferulic, and caffeic) and flavonoids were identified and quantified. Adaszyńska-Skwirzyńska 2017
Ethanolic extract of L. officinalis had higher antioxidant activity and total phenols content, compared to Soxhlet (hexane) and supercritical CO₂ extracts. Coumarin was detected in the supercritical CO₂ extract. Other Lamiaceae plants were also included in the study. Molnar 2017
Aroma compounds in Salvia officinalis, L. angustifolia, and Mentha asiatica were characterized by GC-MS, leading to the detection of 33 compounds, primarily terpenes, the main one being sabinene, in L. angustifolia. Sonmezdag 2017
Three new benzolactones, as well as four known ones were isolated from the "whole herb" of Lavandula angustifolia, and their bioactivities determined. Shi 2016
A novel UPLC-DAD-ESI-MS/MS method showed good precision, reproducibility, and linearity in analyzing the phenolic content of lavender (Lavandula officinalis). Çelik 2016
Three new phenylpropanoids, together with three known phenylpropanoids, were isolated from Lavandula angustifolia. Tang 2016
Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula latifolia Essential Oils from Spain: Aromatic Profile and Bioactivities. [No abstract] Carrasco 2015
Compositions of essential oils of Lavandula angustifolia, as well as of Lavandula latifolia, cultivated in the Southeast of Spain, were determined by GC-MS. Carrasco 2015
The volatile organic compound profiles, as well as antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of Lavandula angustifolia hydrolates varied depending upon the method used to obtain the hydrolate. Prusinowska 2015
A method for the determination of phenolic compounds in a traditional Uyghur polyherbal preparation, abnormal savda munziq (ASMQ), containing Lavandula angustifolia, was developed and validated. Tian 2015
Seasonal variations in the composition of the essential oils obtained from the same individual of Lavandula angustifolia were studied. The composition was found to depend on the plant part and the stage of development. Lakusić 2014
UV induced a significant deterioration of the biochemical profile of Lavandula angustifolia oil, which was prevented by the addition of propolis. Gismondi 2014
Exmaination of monoterpene synthase using solid-phase microextraction- gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy analysis found that L. angustifolia, N. cataria and S. sclarea showed considerable amount of linear monoterpenes. Saeidnia 2014
The profiles of aromatic compounds produced by in vitro plantlets of Lavandula angustifolia and those produced by the wild plants were compared. Pistelli 2013
Polyphenolic content among aromatic Lamiaceae plants available in Romanian pharmacies as herbal tea products, including L. officinalis, varies widely not only by species, but also by polyphenols type and extraction solvent. 50% ethanol produced the best extraction rate of total polyphenols. Aprotosoaie 2013
The chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from 5 varieties of lavender (Lavandula angustifolia L.) was examined. Study found the 'Blue River' and 'Munstead' varieties had the greatest antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Adaszyńska 2013
Length of distillation time may be used to modify the chemical profile of lavender oil from L. angustifolia and to obtain oils with differential chemical profiles from the same lavender flowers. Zheljazkov 2013
In 1:1 ratios, 75.6% of the 45 essential oils investigated showed either synergistic or additive effects to the antimicrobial activity of L. angustifolia essential oil. The most favourable interactions were with Cinnamomum zeylanicum or with Citrus sinensis, against C. albicans & S. aureus. de Rapper 2013
The rosmarinic acid content of Lavandula angustifolia was compared to that of 28 other species of Labiatae (syn. Lamiaceae). Shekarchi 2012
Studied the effects of extraction time and hydrolysis on the phenolic composition and antioxidant capacity of six traditionally used medicinal plants, including Lavandula officinalis Miller. Komes 2011
Origanum vulgare, Lavandula angustifolia, and Melissa officinalis from the Southeast region of Romania were evaluated for antioxidant capacity and total phenolic content. L. angustifolia offered the least antioxidant capacity of the three plants. Spiridon 2011
Five samples of L. angustifolia from Galati, Romania were found to have low concentrations of monoterpene esters perhaps due it it's lower elevation as compared with fine lavender used in aromatherapy from plants at 800-1200 meters. [Article in Romanian] Robu 2011
A parallel study of Lavandula x intermedia 'Budrovka' from Croatia suggests it is as potent an antioxidant as Lavandula angustifolia and the antioxidant activity of the Lavandula extracts is mainly due to the presence of rosmarinic acid. Blazeković 2010
Hydrodistillation and solid phase extraction were used to examine the volatile fractions of L. angustifolia and Foeniculum vulgare, discovering remarkable differences in constituents. Tschiggerl 2010
A novel, improved microwave steam distillation method for the analysis of essential oils was developed and validated in Lavandula angustifolia. Sahraoui 2008
Headspace solid-phase microextraction showed the contents of linalool and linalyl acetate were the major differences between the volatile compounds of flowers and essential oils (hydro-distilled products) from Lavandula angustifolia cultivated in Northeastern Italy. Da Porto 2008
Comparative chemometric analyses of geographic origins and compositions of lavandin var. Grosso essential oils from L. angustifolia and L. latifolia by mid infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography were conducted. Bombarda 2008
The composition of fatty acid isolated from cell suspension cultures of Lavandula angustifolia was analyzed by GC-MS, and the structures of the isolated three compounds were determined by 1H- and 13C-NMR, and MS spectroscopic techniques. Topçu 2007
Gamma and e-beam radiation applied to the essential oils of Thymus vulgaris thymoliferum, Eucalyptus radiata, and Lavandula angustifolia did not induce any significant detectable qualitative or quantitative changes in the contents and yields of essential oils tested. Haddad 2007
Seven new flavanoids were isolated and identified from L. angustifolia for the first time. [Article in Chinese] Wu 2007
Using a new method of continuous headspace solvent microextraction coupled with hydrodistillation for investigation of Lavandula angustifolia essential oil, 36 compounds were extracted and identified. Fakhari 2005
A new procedure involving sample preparation on ZnSe crystals or microplates from silicon, and measuring absorbance spectra between 4000 and 700 cm(-1) was developed for the in situ FT-IR determination of rosmarinic acid in suspension cultures of Lavandula officinalis. Stehfest 2004
A total of 43 compounds were identified by solid-phase trapping solvent extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry from four Lavandula species. Lavandula angustifolia Hidcote species, contains a higher level of linalyl acetate and linalool but little camphor. Kim 2002
Analysis of the essential oil of Lavandula officinalis by GC-MS showed that each sample had a different ratio of the contents of main ingredients, such as linalool, linalyl acetate, and camphor. [Article in Japanese] Mori 2002
A simple solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography and mass spectrometry has been applied for the analysis of essential oil directly from L. angustifolia intact flowering spikes and genuine oils. An 2001
The isolated essential oils from 7 air-dried plant species including Lavandula angustifolia Mill. were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Lavender, rosemary, and sage essential oils presented less inhibitory effect on the radial growth and conidial germination of P. digitatum. Daferera 2000
Biotin biosynthesis in L. vera cell cultures begins with pimelic acid activation to pimeloyl-CoA. Baldet 1993
History of Record
LATEST UPDATES BY: Bernard Somers, BS, PhD candidate
April 2021