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Scientific Name:
Ficus carica
Family Name:
Moraceae
Common Name:
fig
Evidence of Activity
Genetics
Analysis of the expression patterns of auxin response factor genes in Ficus carica during development and in plant parts led to the identification of four genes involved in flower, peel, and fruit development. Wang 2022
Identification, classification, and localization of 204 WD40 genes in Ficus carica led to characterization and expression patterns of the FcWD40-97 gene involved in flavonoid and anthocyanin biosynthesis under variable light conditions and during development. Fan 2022
Start codon-targeted DNA-barcoding chloroplast gene RNA polymerase1 sequencing and SDS-PAGE total protein profiling assays were used to detect somaclonal variation in micropropagated Ficus carica clone plantlets. Attia 2022
The expression pattern of 80 genes encoding sugar metabolism enzymes and sugar transporter proteins during the final week of female fruit development of Ficus carica is presented. Lama 2022
The role of FcbHLH42 transcription factor in anthocyanin biosynthesis involved in fruit color development in Ficus carica was identified. Song 2021
The localization, response elements, length, expression patters, and family classification of 31 papain-like cysteine proteases from the Ficus carica genome are presented. Zhai 2021
Heterogeneity, abundance, estimated insertion time, and transcriptional activity was evaluated for the long terminal repeat retrotransposons in the Ficus carica genome. Vangelisti 2021
The furanocoumarin pathway, investigated in Ficus carica, is first described as being catalyzed by CYP76F112, which converts demethylsuberosin into marmesin, This is a represents a case of convergent evolution of furanocoumarin biosynthesis in the Ficus family. Villard 2021
The fruit length and diameter, stalk length and diameter, neck length and diameter, stalk and flesh thickness, fruit shape, skin peeling, skin firmness, and 13 simple sequence repeat loci of 30 fruit accessions of Ficus carica from southern Tunisia were measured and evaluated for differences between accessions. Essid 2021
Ficin, a cysteine protease from the leaves of Ficus carica, was optimized for cloning and expression in E. coli BL21 via central composite design methods and approach-based response surface methodology. Sattari 2020
Transcriptomic analysis comparing fig (Ficus carica) peels in the yellow and red stages allowed for isolation, cloning, sequence analysis, and molecular characterization of anthocyanin-related genes. Li 2020
A transcriptome study investigating fig coloring found phenylpropanoid- and flavonoid-biosynthesis pathways were differentially expressed spatially and temporally in the peel and female flower tissue of fig syconia; pathway expression in the peel was strongly regulated by light signal. Wang 2019
Establishment of a high-quality reference genome and characterization of methylation profiles of Ficus carica for both fig breeding and research. Usai 2019
Cloning and characterization of two cDNAs encoding rubber elongation factor/small rubber particle protein-family proteins (FcREF/SRPP-1 and -2) from the laticifers of Ficus carica demonstrated high homology to corresponding proteins in Hevea brasiliensis (rubber tree). Yokota 2018
Metabolomic and transcriptomic analyses on Ficus carica cv. Green Peel and its color mutant "Purple Peel" demonstrated significant and simultaneous upregulation in almost all of the flavonoid and anthocyanin pathway components and relevant transcription factors in the mature-stage mutant. Wang 2017
Comparison between Ficus carica cv. Dottato and F. carica cv. Horaishi predicted transcriptomes. Cavallini 2017
Corrigendum: Identification of RAN1 orthologue associated with sex determination through whole genome sequencing analysis in fig (Ficus carica L.). [No abstract] Mori 2017
Generation and analysis of the first draft genome sequence of fig (Ficus carica). Analysis suggests that RAN1 is a possible sex determinant candidate in the fig genome. Mori 2017
Analysis of the genetic diversity of Tunisian caprifig (Ficus carica) accessions using simple sequence repeat markets showed low genetic diversity and no clear grouping based on geographic origins, suggesting widespread exchange throughout Tunisa of plant material through vegetative propagation. Essid 2015
Investigation into the cytoplasmic chloroplast DNA of Ficus carica cultivars suggest the occurence of haplotype and nucleotide diversity. Analysis of the mechanism involved in the evolution of the trnL intron. Baraket 2015
Analysis of genetic diversity among 11 Ficus carica cultivars in the germplasm bank in Minas Gerais identified 10 genotypes and 2 synonymous individuals, and indicated the cultivars analyzed constitute a population of individuals with high genetic diversity and a broad range of genetic variation. do Val 2013
Determination of the genetic variability in fig plants formed by cuttings treated with gamma ray using RAPD and AFLP molecular markers showed the selections did not differ genetically between themselves and between them and the Roxo-de-Valinhos cultivar. Rodrigues 2012
Analysis of SSR markers to evaluate the Andalusian fig tree (Ficus carica) genetic diversity for on-farm conservation of local varieties. Perez-Jiménez 2012
Use of the yeast Pichia pastoris X33 as a receptor for β-carotene-encoding genes from Erwinia uredovora and Ficus carica, representing the first time that P. pastoris has been genetically manipulated to produce β-carotene, providing an alternative source for large-scale biosynthesis of carotenoids. Araya-Garay 2012
Lycopene beta-cyclase (β-LCYO is responsible for converting lycopene, an acyclic carotene, to β-carotene, a bicyclic carotene in Ficus carica. By cloning and expressing β-LCY in E. coli, researchers obtained a new gene for β-carotene production or as part of the biosynthetic pathway of astaxanthin. Araya-Garay 2011
Comparison of RAPD (60), ISSR (48), RAMPO (63), and SSR (34) markers to detect polymorphism and establish genetic relationships among Tunisian fig tree (Ficus carica) cultivars. Results confirmed the reliability of SSR for fingerprinting fig genotypes. Chatti 2010
Investigation of genetic relationhips and diversity among female figs (Ficus carica) in a collection of Turkish samples selected throughout the country over 50 years. This study suggests that geography- and color-based groups were not genetically distinct among the Turkish figs. Ikten 2010
Analysis of 194 germplasm accessions of fig showed the gene pool of cultivated fig analyzed possesses substantial genetic polymorphism but exhibits narrow differentiation. Turkmenistani fig accessions are somewhat genetically different from the rest of the Mediterranean and the Caucasus figs. Aradhya 2010
Characterization of genetic variation and relationships among 14 wild-grown figs sampled from Coruh Valley in Turkey by random amplified polymorphic DNA. Akbulut 2009
Definition of the basic traits of the chromosome complement of Ficus carica via karyomorphological analysis and physical mapping of 18S-25S and 5S rRNA genes by the FISH technique. Identification of the presence of triploid cytotypes in the cultivated common fig. Falistocco 2009
Genetic analysis of 72 Tunisian fig (Ficus carica) ecotypes using 6 microsatellite loci revealed 58 alleles and 124 genotypes. Cluster analysis proved the local germplasm is characterized by a continuous genetic diversity. The microsatellite multilocus genotyping distinguished 70 ecotypes. Saddoud 2007
Investigation of the genetic diversity in 35 Tunisian fig (Ficus carica) cultivars from diverse geographical areas using RAPD markers revealed considerable genetic diversity among the accessions, but more narrow diversity within groups from similar geographical areas. Salhi-Hannachi 2006
Isolation of rubber particle protein and latex genes in Ficus cariaca. Investigation into their expression revealed a crosstalk exists between the signal transduction pathways elicited by abiotic stresses and hormones in plants. Rubber and latex may play a defensive role in rubber-producing species. Kim 2003
Genetic characterization of 64 Ficus carica accessions determined that fig cultivars have a rather narrow genetic base, but RAPD markers could differentiate even closely related genotypes. Cluster analysis identified groups in accordance to geographic origin, phenotypic data, and pedigree. Papadopoulou 2002
The genetics of two enzymatic loci, esterase (Est-D) and acid phosphatase (AcP-A), were studied by means of polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the fig tree (Ficus carica L.). Valizadeh 1977
History of Record
ORIGINAL RESEARCH BY: Selena Rowan
August 2018
LATEST UPDATES BY: Antonia Kaz
December 2022